Year: Throughout New York History
Some of them are Native American names like Yaphank. A few are old Dutch names like Yonkers. A few are combination names like Yaphank Yonkers and Otter Kill ("kill" is a Dutch word for a creek, stream or small river, and "kill" appears quite frequently on the New York State map).
A few are names of States like Florida and Alabama, or foreign cities like Bath, Bagdad, Athol and Limerick. Several countries are represented, like Mexico, Cuba, Denmark, Russia, China and Belgium.
Biblical names are very common. You can find Egypt in New York, as well as Bethany, Goshen, Land o' Goshen, Canaan, Jericho, Jerusalem, Moriah, Hebron, and Ephrath.
Several reflect local history, like Dix Hills (once the land grant of a man named Richard), The Bronx (owned by Jonas Bronck and family), Burnt Hills (where there was a memorable fire), Horseheads (a town dedicated to the military horse), and Sheepshead Bay (a "Sheepshead" is a species of fish).
A handful are surveyor's mistakes. When Westchester County was being surveyed, much of the land along the the Connecticut border was owned by a man named Harrison, and his property was called "Harrison's Purchase." When drawing in the village lines, someone divided "Harrison" and "Purchase," which are now two adjoining places.
But then there are others, whimsical, bizarre, or having some personal, now mostly unremembered meanings for the founders of the towns. Places like:
Cat Elbow Corner
Mile of Woods
North Pole Noseville
Pail Shop Corners
Rough and Ready